題 目：Water Conservation—a Global Problem
報告人：B.K. Robertson, PhD. Professor & Executive Director
報告人單位：Department of Biological Sciences, Alabama State University, Montgomery AL
Professor and Executive Director Alabama State University, Montgomery, AL August 2008 to present. Executive Director of the Graduate Programs (MS and PhD) as well as the EnvironMentors, DOE & AGEP-T Programs (externally funded programs). Chair of the Institutional Biosafety Committee and Coordinator of the Marine Biology program at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab in Alabama. Major research advisor for B.S., M.S. and PhD students. Current research focuses on the fate of toxic chemicals or xenobiotics that are either deliberately or accidentally discharged in the environment (water, soil and sediment). Also study diverse population of microorganisms and factors that influence their ability to naturally detoxify xenobiotics including bioremediation of other environmental carcinogens and toxicants as well as studies of human gut microbiome and its relevance to common diseases.
報告摘要：Access to safe water is s fundamental human need and, therefore a basic human right. Contaminated water jeopardizes both the physical and social health of all people. It is an affront to human dignity.” Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General, 1997-2006. Our world has serious water crisis right now. Almost 1.2 Billion people in the world live without clean drinking water. And this is happening everywhere including the United States but especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and Northeast Asia. Water not only affects what we eat and drink, but it affects everything including education, health, poverty, and especially women and children. Most of the countries with water crisis such as India, Spain, North Africa, Australia, Northern China have poor people living on less than a dollar a day. Most of the people do not have water facet where they can turn on and off. Many walk up to 3 hours a day to collect water that is highly contaminated. Some women spend more time collecting water then doing anything else. And the water may be contaminated with microorganisms that may cause diarrhea, typhoid fever, cholera, other water-borne diseases. About every 19 seconds a mother loses her child to water related illness. People who live in developing countries spend up to 25% of their income on drinking water. This presentation is designed to acquaint you with the urgency and need for innovative technology to preserve our water supply.